Although Adinolfi & Packman, P.A. is a leader in family law and divorce law, we also provide comprehensive legal services for our clients throughout New Jersey, including Child Protection and Permanency (CP&P), in conjunction with a family law case or separately.
New Jersey Child Protection and Permanency (CP&P)
Child Protection and Permanency, CP&P (formerly the Division of Youth and Family Services, DYFS), is New Jersey’s child protection and child welfare agency within the Department of Children and Families. Its mission is to ensure the safety, permanency and well-being of children and to support families. Parents have a fundamental, constitutionally protected interest in their children. The State of New Jersey does have the power, however, to protect children if their mental or physical well-being is being harmed. This gives New Jersey’s CP&P agency the power to remove children from the home if they deem necessary. CP&P brings two types of legal actions against parents. These are child abuse/neglect-protective services and guardianship/termination of parental rights actions. The goal of parental defense attorneys representing parents is to help them to maintain or regain custody of their children, or if that is not possible, to achieve a resolution of the case that will allow them to have a continued relationship with their children. Legal representation is important at every stage of the legal proceedings in these types of cases.
Generally, there are three types of proceedings that the CP&P initiates:
- Abuse/Neglect Proceedings
- Termination of Parental Rights
- Guardianship Proceedings and/or Adoption
- Complaint and Order to Show Cause after a removal of a child (otherwise known as a DODD Hearing after the Senator)
- Preliminary Hearing- Judge will decide whether the CP&P has shown good reason to continue the case and whether or not the child should continue in placement
- Fact-Finding Hearing- At this hearing the CP&P will try to prove their burden that the parent did in fact abuse or neglect their children
- Disposition Hearing- If the Judge determines abuse and/or neglect occurred, the Judge must decide what happens next. The Judge can decide that even if there was abuse and/or neglect, circumstances have changed and the child can be returned, or the Judge can continue placement and services. Even if the Judge determines there was no abuse and/or neglect, the Court can continue jurisdiction if there is a finding that there is still a need for services.
- Permanency Hearings- Within twelve (12) months of a child entering into foster care the CP&P must have a permanency plan whether it is reunification with the parents or termination of parental rights. At this hearing the CP&P presents their plan and the Judge accepts or rejects it. If the permanency plan is termination of parental rights and this is accepted by the Judge, the next proceeding is initiated and is entitled Guardianship proceedings
Termination of Parental Rights | Guardianship Proceedings and/or Adoption
Termination of Parental Rights often goes hand-in-hand with Guardianship Proceedings and/or Adoption. The firm has represented clients on both sides of this issue – a parent trying to retain their rights or a foster family / extended family member trying to be named the guardian or adoptive Parent. These proceedings can be complicated and have far-reaching consequences. Kimberly A. Packman, Esq., a partner at Adinolfi & Packman, P.A. understands the rules and laws that govern CP&P proceedings and has worked successfully to help clients navigate the CP&P process in both founded and unfounded CP&P charges.